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What are overnight funds?

Overnight funds are a type of debt mutual fund which invest in overnight securities. This type of mutual fund is very short-term in nature, with investments maturing within a day. It is considered to be very low-risk investment.

What is the objective of Overnight Fund?

The main objective of overnight funds is to provide a safe and low risk investment option while generating returns slightly higher than traditional savings accounts. These type of funds are popular among investors who seek safety and stability in their investments, along with the potential for modest returns.

What are the advantages of Overnight Fund?

  1. High Liquidity: These funds invest in very short-term securities with a maturity of one day. This ensures high liquidity as investors can easily redeem their investments on any business day.
  2. Low Risk: Since these funds invest in very short-term instruments, they are considered to have minimal credit risk and interest rate risk. This makes them suitable for investors seeking low-risk investment options.
  3. Stability: Overnight funds aim to provide stable returns over the short term. They typically invest in instruments such as treasury bills, commercial paper, and certificates of deposit issued by highly rated entities, ensuring stability in returns.
  4. No Exit Load: Many overnight funds do not have an exit load, or if they do, it’s very minimal. This means investors can redeem their investments without incurring any significant charges, making them suitable for short-term parking of funds.
  5. Suitable for Short-term Investments: Overnight funds are ideal for investors looking to park their surplus funds for a very short duration, typically ranging from a day to a few days. They offer a slightly higher return compared to keeping funds idle in a bank account, making them attractive for short-term investment needs.
  6. Professional Management: Like other mutual funds, overnight funds are managed by professional fund managers who constantly monitor market conditions and adjust the fund’s portfolio accordingly. This professional management adds value to investors by optimizing returns while managing risks effectively.

How do Overnight Funds work?

Overnight Funds are a type of open-ended debt scheme that invests in assets such as overnight reverse repos, CBLOs (Collateralized Borrowing and Lending Options), and debt securities which mature the next day. The securities in the portfolio mature every day and the fund manager replace the securities new over night securities maturing in one day. Overnight funds earn via interest payments on their debt holdings. This low risk profile also implies they offer the least return.

Who should invest in Overnight funds?

Overnight funds invest in highly liquid and low-risk securities so they are considered to be one of the safest types of mutual funds available in the market.

  1. Overnight funds are suitable for investors with short-term investment horizons
  2. Investors need to park their funds for short time before investing them elsewhere. Investor initially invest in overnight find then transfer fund to equity fund through Systematic Transfer Plan(STP).

What to consider before investing in Overnight funds?

Overnight fund is like traditional saving option as the investment can be readily redeemed. Thus, overnight mutual funds offer relatively low returns.

  1. Investment Objective: Clarify your investment goals. Overnight funds are suitable for investors seeking safety and stability of capital with minimal risk.
  2. Risk Tolerance: Assess your risk tolerance. Overnight funds are generally considered low-risk, but they still carry some level of risk associated with fluctuations in interest rates and credit risk.
  3. Liquidity Needs: Consider your liquidity needs. Overnight funds offer high liquidity as they invest in securities with very short maturities, typically ranging from 1 day to 1 week.
  4. Return Expectations: Understand the return expectations. Overnight funds typically offer lower returns compared to other debt funds due to their conservative nature. They may provide slightly higher returns than savings accounts or short-term fixed deposits.
  5. Expense Ratio: Evaluate the expense ratio. While overnight funds usually have lower expense ratios compared to other mutual funds, it’s essential to consider the impact of expenses on your overall returns.
  6. Tax Implications: Be aware of the tax implications. Gains from overnight funds held for less than three years are taxed as per your income tax slab rates. Gains from investments held for more than three years are taxed at 20% after indexation.
  7. Credit Quality: Check the credit quality of the underlying securities. Though overnight funds primarily invest in high-quality securities like Treasury Bills and AAA-rated commercial papers, it’s crucial to ensure the fund’s portfolio matches your risk appetite.
  8. Fund Manager’s Expertise: Assess the expertise of the fund manager. Look for a fund manager with a proven track record in managing fixed-income securities and a consistent investment approach aligned with your investment objectives.
  9. Fund House Reputation: Consider the reputation of the fund house. Opt for a well-established and reputed fund house known for its strong governance practices, transparency, and investor-friendly policies.
  10. Market Conditions: Lastly, consider prevailing market conditions and economic outlook. While overnight funds are less sensitive to interest rate movements compared to long-duration funds, changes in monetary policy and economic indicators can impact their performance.

Investor should carefully inspect the market and choose funds that have shown consistently good performance and cost less.

Post Author: ashwini

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